Artificial intelligence (AI) is the newest and perhaps the most dynamic segment in eye care at the moment. AI leverages a computer science approach known as machine learning to allow computers to self-learn how to best perform a specific task. Machine learning also allows computers to learn to see (an ability known as computer vision). This enables computers to perform dynamic visual tasks such as driving a car in a busy city as well as narrowly defined tasks such as recognizing faces or identifying lesions on retinal images. The level of activity and investment in AI has skyrocketed in recent years as the field saw rapid advancements in performance resulting from key breakthroughs in computer hardware, the availability of large amounts of digital data and novel machine learning approaches.
While many people are asking for the killer app of computer vision, I would say that computer vision is the killer app of AI. –Dr. Fei-Fei Li, VP at Google Cloud
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